The Membrane Bio Reactor Technology is the most advanced development in the field of biological treatment of waste water that recycles in smaller footprint and under stringent discharge norms. The MBR technology combines the skills of the membrane specialists and the biological treatment engineers to deliver integrated treatment solutions with firm process guarantees such as BOD and TSS less than 5 mg/l and also removal of nutrients (nitrogen & phosphorous), coliforms.
Under this process, hollow fiber membranes are introduced to mixed liquor to separate treated effluent from mixed liquor. Membrane being the absolute physical barriers ensures complete removal of suspended impurities. MBR applications include retrofits of existing systems as well as installation of new systems, for both meeting the most stringent discharge norms and reuse. Treated waste water from MBR can be even reused for cooling tower make-up, to generate high purity water through Reverse Osmosis and other non-potable applications.
This process can help environment protection by treating waste water and making it suitable for variety of application and thus conserve precious drinking water. Biological system designed for MBR process operates at higher MLVSS concentration with higher sludge retention time and thus it produces a low quantum of biological sludge which inturn reduces the sludge dewatering cost.
Biological process fluid (mixed liquor) is pumped to the Membrane Operating System ("MOS"). The mixed liquor is introduced to membrane, along with air, evenly across the bottom of the tank through a unique two-phase jet system. This mixed liquor fills the membrane tank and flows upward through the membrane sub-modules, creating cross-flow dynamics across the membrane surface. This cross-flow continuously scours the membrane surface and prevents solid dehydration at the membrane surface. Applying a low-pressure vacuum to the inside of the membrane fiber pulls water through the membranes and pumps the filtered water to the next process step. Solids, including organics, bacteria, and most viruses, are rejected by the membrane system and are retained in the mixed liquor, which overflows the MOS back to the aeration tank.
The Membrane Operating System is an assembly with integral membrane modules arranged in rack assemblies, inserted into the membrane tank.
MOS Mixed Liquor Distribution & Recirculation Jets are designed to distribute the air scour and mixed liquor flow evenly across the membrane sub-modules.
This feature eliminates potential polarization (concentration) of suspended solids around the membrane fibers which could be main cause for the failure and damage of individual fibers thus sub-modules. Additionally, this feature provides even distribution of mixed liquor solids to each membrane unit, to ensure critically that all membranes see the same process conditions. The return recirculation of mixed liquor ensures influent comes in intimate contact with the concentrated biomass, offering better organism selection and added flexibility in the anoxic cycle for advanced nitrogen removal, when required. This same jet system also acts as an integral part of the membrane cleaning system, providing an efficient scouring of the membranes with chlorine cleaning solution. The integrated cleaning system allows the sub-modules to be quickly cleaned in place. Additionally, the clean and efficient procedure eliminates the need for membrane removal from process tanks that can damage membranes and present risks to plant operators.
Relaxation, Maintenance and in situ CIP are exclusive features of this MBR Process to ensure consistent water quality and complete membrane life. The entire operation is PLC controlled.